Saturday, March 14, 2020

Critical Thinking Question Example

Critical Thinking Question Example Critical Thinking Question – Coursework Example Critical Thinking-Linear Regression Model Facilitator Critical Thinking-Linear Regression Model Linear regresssion model is a sloppy way of predicting the future because of its use of only two variables in prediction. Essentially, results about the future depend on more than two variables with disturbances and impromptu changes expected hence prediction using two variables is sloppy and risky. Obsevational studies give a range of factors that determine a situation. As much as the situation may give enough reason to believe one variable affects the situation, there are usually more forces to the changes hence the need to be extremely careful in using linear regression model in projection. An economic example is an individual’s annual savings. Savings(Y) is a function of annual income (12X) less expenditure (Z). Y=12X-ZIn linear regression, this model is sufficient to estimate any individual’s annual savings. However, annual savings depend on many other factors. Some of t he factors that may affect annual savings include emergencies, economic conditions, government regulations, interest rates in the market, and investment opportunities in the market. The regression model in the example above shows weaknesses in a number of ways. First, it over-relies on two variables, which are likely to give erroneous information about the real economic condition. Economically, the model shows biasness in premises and analysis. The model also ignores the role of disturbances and unexpected conditions in the economic analysis. Many unexpected circumstances can affect the analysis yet their effect may be greater than the variables used for example, investment opportunities. The income of the individual may also reduce in case situations come in that requires him to remit some amount on an irregular basis. Legal remittances like social security funds may reduce the savings amount while instantaneous earnings like bonuses and jackpots may increase the savings amount. Ho wever, the moral discipline to save plays a major role because one may earn enough to save yet their spending culture inhibits saving. All these prove that linear regression is unreliable especially in projections. The graph below demonstrates linear regression model that may be used to project the future. Relationship between expenditure and savings derived from: Rencher & Christensen, 2012ReferenceRencher, A. C., & Christensen, W. F. (2012). Chapter 10, Multivariate regression – Section 10.1, Introduction. Methods of Multivariate Analysis Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics 709 (3rd ed.), John Wiley & Sons, p. 19.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Personal essay for university application Statement

Essay for university application - Personal Statement Example I am the eldest of the child in my family and first to graduate among brothers and sisters with a bachelor’s degree in marketing with minor in management information system. I am the first female member of my family to graduate however both my parents are educated and well-respected in their own field. My father has a degree in civil engineering and I consider him as my role model to follow his footsteps. Since my family has a private business in real estate and banking sector therefore like my father, I also plan to contribute to my family business of banking. My Grandfather was one of the founders of the Qatar Commercial Bank and by having a degree in Islamic Finance, I plan to join Banking and be part of the exciting and emerging field of Islamic finance which is fast becoming the banking of choice in many countries. During my studies for BBA, I took internship at the United Development Co and my job was in business to business relations. It was a wonderful experience to directly work with the smaller businesses in real life and help them evolve their marketing and business systems so that they can evolve and improve their chances for survival. This experience has allowed me to actually understand what the problems of the businesses are and how little external help can actually provide the lifeline to these firms. I also realized that access to finance is one of the key to the success of these firms. I believe that a degree in Islamic Finance can actually help me to better understand the field of Islamic Finance and how small businesses can actually benefit from this. I also believe that a degree in Islamic Finance can actually help me to bring in innovative and new ideas to my family business and help it grow to serve the wider needs of the Qatar’s economy. My experience, education and family ground allow me to learn the Islamic Finance at highest level and earn a degree which can certainly add

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Teams and organizations lead by two leaders Essay

Teams and organizations lead by two leaders - Essay Example Of course, initiating and sustaining morale among teams are not an easy task to do. Organizations need great leaders such as participative and transformative types of leaders to ensure sufficient levels of morale abound. Teams led by both transformative and participatory leaders have their morale bolstered. On the one hand, participatory leaders inspire creativity and encourage members of a team to engage in both decisions and projects. As a result, team members develop high levels of morale, job satisfaction, and productivity. Participatory leaders can motivate them to work hard by making team members feel in control, (Montero, 2013). On the other hand, transformation leaders inspire teams since they expect the best results from them. This leads to high engagement and productivity from all the people in the organization or teams (Donna, Middleton, Montana, & Simpson, 2006). Therefore, both participatory and transformative leadership spur open communication that develops team motivation. To this end, transformative leaders and participatory leaders can work together to motivate teams within an organization. Although both transformative and participatory leaders can work together seamlessly, evidence shows that transformative leaders serve organizations better than participatory leaders. Police heads who choose to inspire, give intellectual stimulation, and set a vision, are more effective than those who do not do that. Also, evidence shows that transformative leaders can have a greater positive impact on their subordinates than other directors. On the other hand, limited evidence exists regarding the impact of shared leadership initiatives exhibited by participatory leaders (English, 2006). In my view, transformational leaders are more influencing compared to participatory leaders. If directors apply transformational leadership styles with integrity, they can

Friday, January 31, 2020

Social Service Essay Example for Free

Social Service Essay Man is primarily a member of a social community. He should not only be concerned about himself but also for the welfare and development of society as a whole. It is truly said that â€Å"Jana-Seva† is â€Å"Janardhana-Seva†. The feeling of self-satisfaction that comes when one sees the unshed tears of joy in the eyes of one whose hunger has been appeased, whose thirst has been allayed and whose needs are fulfilled is indeed heavenly. The service rendered by an individual or an institution to improve the social conditions of society is called ‘social service’. This service is rendered on humanitarian considerations and without any motive of profit. Only those people to whom the interests of society are more important than their personal interests come forward to render social service. Social service is based on the ideal of brotherhood of man. It is a natural impulse to help men in distress. It is a noble impulse. It cannot be rendered without an element of self-sacrifice. One has to spend time and energy for it. Nowadays man is concerned only about his own welfare. Obligations, noble thoughts, duties towards society have been pushed to the background as the centre-stage is occupied by a rat-race for materialistic trifles. In a country like India, social service occupies an important place. It is specifically stated in Article 38 of our Constitution that â€Å"the State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may, a social order in which justice-social, economic and political-shall include all the institutions of the national life†. In five decades of planning, the social welfare services were aimed at the welfare and the development of children, women and the physically and socially handicapped of the society. Social service is not confined to isolated deeds and words of charity towards the disabled, helpless or the poverty stricken. Doctors can serve by attending to the ailing without being influenced by thoughts of pecuniary gains. Engineers and contractors can serve humanity by doing their jobs efficiently and diligently, without being clouded by greed. Businessmen can do social service if they pursue their work honestly as a vocation. Public servants will be of great service to humanity if the evils of corruption and aimless drift are rooted out and replaced with the seeds of the true spirit of service nurtured by good ethics and strong human values. Politicians can serve by substituting integrity and patriotism for acts of self- preservation. So, for doing social service the only thing which is important is the strong will to do something for the betterment of the society. The social services cover for children includes integrated development of children, care and protection to abandoned, neglected, unwanted, destitute children, setting up creches for working and ailing mothers’ children, nutrition programmes etc. A National Children’s Fund was constituted by the Government during the International Year of the Child in 1979. India has also been associated with United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) since 1949. Programmes are being implemented for the early detection and treatment, education, training and rehabilitation of disabled persons, namely, the blind, the deaf, the orthopedically handicapped, the mentally retarded, spastics and the leprosy cured persons. Social welfare measures at the Government level touch only a fringe of the problem. It is not possible for the Government to reach out to every person who needs help. Therefore, voluntary organisations can and should supplement the Government’s efforts in a big way in this noble task. In view of the illiteracy, ignorance, superstitions and social evils prevalent in our country, the need for social service has assumed a certain urgency. Of course, social service cannot be a whole time activity. It is indeed enough if people with missionary zeal devote 2 or 3 hours a day for social service. Students can take to social service during their summer vacations. Similarly, retired persons can be of great help. Housewives are normally free from their day’s work by 12 P. M. They too can volunteer for social service. There are a number of areas in which social service is called for on a mass scale. First of all, groups of educated people can go out to villages and educate the illiterate. In India about 35% of the people are illiterate. Even our modest efforts can contribute to the removal of illiteracy from our country. Our villages lack sanitation. Social workers can meet the villagers and educate them about the need for sanitation and cleanliness. Nearly 72. 2 per cent of India’s population lives in villages. If our villages look neat and clean, our country will acquire a new look. The death rate is much higher in villages because of the lack of medical facilities. Villagers need to be enlightened and encouraged to protect their children from deadly diseases by having them inoculated. Inoculations give unmunity from diseases like typhoid, whooping cough, diphtheria, leprosy, T. B. , polio etc. When Government officials approach villagers, the villagers distrust their claims. Social workers can create a better psychological effect on villagers and explain to them the advantages of inoculations. India’s population is growing at an alarming rate. It has already crossed the 1,027 million mark and India has become the second- most populous country in the world. Social workers can do great service by putting across to villagers the message of family planning. In cities and towns, slums are coming up due to large scale migration of people from villages to cities. These slums lack sanitation. There are no civic amenities at all. Life in slums is miserable. People living in the slums indulge in distillation of illicit liquor, sale of narcotic drugs and other criminal or antisocial activities. There is a dire need to launch cleanliness drives in these slums. Special programmes should also be undertaken in these areas so that people who have gone astray can be brought back to the right track. In our country, Mother Teresa rendered great social service by serving thousands of poor, needy and destitute people. She set an example of what social service can do for the suffering humanity. Voluntary organisations like the Bharat Sewak Samaj, Sadhu Sewak Samaj, Servants of the People Society, Ramakrishna Mission, Arya Samaj and many other social welfare and voluntary organisations are doing a lot of good work for people in different spheres of life. Let each man uphold the ideal of â€Å"Help ever, hurt never† as his motto and contribute his bit to make the world order politically powerful, socially stable, economically efficient and spiritually strong.

Thursday, January 23, 2020

Light and Darkness in James Baldwins Sonnys Blues :: Sonnys Blues Essays

Light and Darkness in James Baldwin's Sonny's Blues In James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues" the symbolic motif of light and darkness illustrates the painful nature of reality the two characters face as well as the power gained through it. The darkness represents the actuality of life on the streets of the community of Harlem, where there is little escape from the reality of drugs and crime. The persistent nature of the streets lures adolescents to use drugs as a means of escaping the darkness of their lives. The main character, Sonny, a struggling jazz musician, finds himself addicted to heroin as a way of unleashing the creativity and artistic ability that lies within him. While using music as a way of creating a sort of structure in his life, Sonny attempts to step into the light, a life without drugs. The contrasting images of light and darkness, which serve as truth and reality, are used to depict the struggle between Sonny and the narrator in James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues." The opening paragraph of the story contains a metaphorical passage: "I stared at it in the swinging light of the subway car, and in the faces and bodies of the people, and in my own face, trapped in the darkness which roared outside"(349). This reference is significant because it is a contrast to the dismal society that the narrator and his brother Sonny live in. The darkness is the portrayal of the community of Harlem that is trapped, in their surroundings by physical, economic, and social barriers. The obvious nature of darkness has overcome the occupants of the Harlem community. The narrator, an algebra teacher, observes a depressing similarity between his students and his brother, Sonny. This is true because the narrator is fearful for his students falling into a life of crime and drugs, as did his brother. The narrator notes that the cruel realities of the streets have taken away the possible light from the lives of his brother and his students. The narrator makes an insigh tful connection between the darkness that Sonny faced and the darkness that the young boys are presently facing. This is illustrated in the following quote: "These boys, now, were living as we'd been living then, they were growing up with a rush and their heads bumped abruptly against the low ceiling of their actual possibilities. Light and Darkness in James Baldwin's Sonny's Blues :: Sonny's Blues Essays Light and Darkness in James Baldwin's Sonny's Blues In James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues" the symbolic motif of light and darkness illustrates the painful nature of reality the two characters face as well as the power gained through it. The darkness represents the actuality of life on the streets of the community of Harlem, where there is little escape from the reality of drugs and crime. The persistent nature of the streets lures adolescents to use drugs as a means of escaping the darkness of their lives. The main character, Sonny, a struggling jazz musician, finds himself addicted to heroin as a way of unleashing the creativity and artistic ability that lies within him. While using music as a way of creating a sort of structure in his life, Sonny attempts to step into the light, a life without drugs. The contrasting images of light and darkness, which serve as truth and reality, are used to depict the struggle between Sonny and the narrator in James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues." The opening paragraph of the story contains a metaphorical passage: "I stared at it in the swinging light of the subway car, and in the faces and bodies of the people, and in my own face, trapped in the darkness which roared outside"(349). This reference is significant because it is a contrast to the dismal society that the narrator and his brother Sonny live in. The darkness is the portrayal of the community of Harlem that is trapped, in their surroundings by physical, economic, and social barriers. The obvious nature of darkness has overcome the occupants of the Harlem community. The narrator, an algebra teacher, observes a depressing similarity between his students and his brother, Sonny. This is true because the narrator is fearful for his students falling into a life of crime and drugs, as did his brother. The narrator notes that the cruel realities of the streets have taken away the possible light from the lives of his brother and his students. The narrator makes an insigh tful connection between the darkness that Sonny faced and the darkness that the young boys are presently facing. This is illustrated in the following quote: "These boys, now, were living as we'd been living then, they were growing up with a rush and their heads bumped abruptly against the low ceiling of their actual possibilities.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Handmaids Tale †Power and Control Essay

‘How is Gilead presented as a place of power and control in the opening chapters of The Handmaid’s Tale?’ The Republic of Gilead is the fictional country which Margaret Atwood chose as the setting for her dystopian novel, The Handmaid’s Tale. We can infer from the first chapter that Gilead is within the borders of the USA from the fact that ‘old’ blankets still said US: this hints that some sort of major catastrophe has occurred before the time of the novel to change this. The first few chapters suggest a lot about the setting, and also how the transition of the country from being the United States of America to the Republic of Gilead may not have been a particularly positive one. The novel of The Handmaid’s Tale is based on the political oppression of women and how the new theocratic government of the Republic of Gilead manipulates the Bible into promoting the control of women. The first chapter opens with ‘We slept in what had on ce been the gymnasium’. If schools are being used to house women, then they cannot be used for education. This is a form of indoctrination – a way of avoiding a rise in support of any other ideas within the younger generation, or anything that would be counter-productive to the way Gilead is run. We later learn that the new regime states that women are not allowed to read in Gilead at all, and even the shop names have been painted out to remove this ‘temptation’. Money has also been exchanged for pictured vouchers, which again shows how the state obviously feels that if they can control women’s minds, the better they can control their bodies. Offred recalls how an Aunt once told her that where she’ll end up ‘is not a prison but a privilege’, and the fact that the Aunt felt the need to say this shows how the Commander’s house would be a place of strict control. The women who live in the gymnasium are not allowed to communicate, shown by how they ‘learned to lip read’ at night in the dimmed light. They are under constant surveillance of Aunt Sara and Aunt Elizabeth, who ‘had electric cattle prods slung on thongs from their leather belts’, which suggests the means by which they keep control are through fear and occasionally violence. The fact that the lighting is not completely cut at night shows how the Aunts control the women even when they are sleeping – they can see them at all times. However despite this ‘even they [the Aunts] could not be trusted with guns. Guns were for the guards, specially picked by the Angels’. This shows the social hierarchy of Gilead and how the idea of control through weapon runs through all castes with any importance. Although the Aunts are responsible for bringing up the Handmaids and preparing them to do their job, the male Guards and Angels still have more authority than them. However despite this, the guardians are ‘supposed to show respect’ to the Handmaids despite their place in society, showing that there is still a hierarchy within the males and they still have to follow orders. The Commanders at the top of the ladder seem to have the most power, shown by the fact that they have ‘double obscurity’, in contrast to every other caste within the society who is under the constant watch of the Eyes. The Handmaids in particular do not seem to have any privacy at all– the door to Offred’s room in her Commander’s house does not even shut properly. The sense of constant paranoia of all citizens of Gilead is obvious throughout the opening chapters of the novel, and seems to be a passive way of the state keeping total control. When Nick, the chauffeur, winks at the Offred it leads her to think that ‘perhaps he is an Eye’ positioned to test her response. This shows just how strict the control of this new style country is as this small action causes so much stress. This seems very familiar to the idea of the secret police in Nazi Germany, whose identity no one knew and presence was used to encourage conformity and obedience by prompting constant fear in citizens of being reported. The Handmaids also go shopping in pairs; they know that this also for control – ‘she is my spy, as I am hers’ and this ensures that they conform to decorum. The different uniforms worn within Gilead are another example of the state using the power they have to control their citizens. All women in the Republic are defined by the colour of their uniforms. These uniforms remove all individuality from particularly the submissive women, as well as camouflaging all signs of shape and figure. Gilead sees women’s sexuality as dangerous, which is why the uniforms they have prescribed are so concealing and unflattering. When Offred walks by the young Guardians, she moves her hips when she senses them watching her, and then states her hope that ‘they get hard’ as a result of her doing this. This shows how she feels that her ability to inspire sexual attraction, despite her uniform is the only power she herself retains. Fear is obviously used in Gilead as the main form of control, made clear by the fact that there are ‘men with machine guns in the pillboxes on either side of road’ – this indicates how strict the rules within the country are, and how severe the consequences are if you break them. The Guardians’ sexual desire is controlled by the idea of the ‘floodlights going on, the rifle shots’ which illustrates the extent of the power the state has over them – they have not yet earned the right to a women, therefore would be totally sex-starved as masturbation is a sin and porn is forbidden. The only hope for them of this changing is if they were promoted to Angel status, and this desire as well as fear keeps them obedient. Stories of people being shot, such as the Martha they guards thought was a man carrying a gun, show that the state are so set on keeping control of everything within Gilead they will act before establishing if their beliefs are true or not. These stories would have heightened the fear of the citizens of being caught doing anything even slightly wrong. Aunt Lydia gives one of the most important quotes in the novel – ‘†¦in the days of anarchy, it was freedom to. Now you are being given freedom from. Don’t underrate it.’ This sums up the new way of society in Gilead completely, right down to how the Aunts indoctrinate the women into thinking that the transition is beneficial for them – this is shown by how Offred says that ‘women were not protected back then’. The new state has removed all free will and option of choice from every citizen within the Republic in exchange for having the power and complete control over them – the state evens controls the citizens’ sex lives, as well as what they wear – and I feel that in doing this they have now presented Gilead as a complete terror state.

Monday, January 6, 2020

Human Resources ( Hr ) Managers - 980 Words

Human Resources (HR) managers today are faced with many different issues than those in the past. While human resources managers are still responsible for the interviewing, hiring, training and orientation of new employees, this position has developed into much more than the initial hiring of the employee. They are also responsible for keeping employees and other managers up-to-date and aware of the diversity issues, and strategically implementing programs that align with the goals of the organization. Group Consensus The Interview and Hiring Process Like many people, HR managers have a picture of the type of person and employee they are wanting to hire. Going into the interview and hiring process with these preconceived notions of what is best for the organization, may cause those applicants that have traditionally been considered over-qualified to be overlooked (Bills, 1992.) The decision to hire an overqualified, experienced employee that requires less training, in certain circumstances may be more beneficial to hiring someone with less experience that will require a lengthy training and acclimation period. It is important as managers to not overlook a seasoned employee who may bring to the table the benefits of what they have learned to the vision of the organization. They can create an atmosphere of experience that helps the customer get the impression that they are getting someone with knowledge. Mentoring and Training Employees One of the most beneficial assetsShow MoreRelatedHuman Resource Management : An Hr Manager Essay805 Words   |  4 Pagesenjoy the course and I have acquired knowledge of human resource management. Appraising through Thomas Kilman conflict mode instrument (Raines, 2013), I have understood my character which is suitable for guiding employees in a company, as I have patience, teaching experience and leadership skills. 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